Head and Face Pain

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    Tension headache

    GENERAL Tension headache is the most common type of headache. Episodes of tension headache occur frequently and are short in duration, not more than a few hours. The intensity of pain is moderate to severe. Patients describe headache episodes as “a strong pressure or tighening around their head, like a clamp”. The feeling of distress [...]

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    Migraine

    GENERAL Migraine without aura occurs in about one third of patients suffering from headache and is relatively easy to diagnose. Migraine patients typically have a number of relapsing episodes of moderate to severe headache, which may be unilateral or/and pulsating and may last for part of the day up to 3 days long. The episode [...]

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    Cluster Headache

    GENERAL Cluster headache is a primary neurovascular headache. It is a strictly unilateral (one-sided) headache, concomitant with symptoms of the autonomic nervous system in the head. It is characterised by the clustering nature of episodes. Episodes may be provoked by vasodilators, such as alcohol and nitroglycerine. The incidence rate of the disease in the population [...]

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    Atypical Prosopalgia

    GENERAL According to the International Headache Society, atypical prosopalgia is defined as the continuous facial pain not having the classical features of cranial neuralgias and for which no specific cause can be identified.  According to these criteria, the diagnosis of atypical prosopalgia is considered probable if the facial pain is well-localised, daily and lasts throughout [...]

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    Trigeminal Neuralgia

    GENERAL Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a chronic syndrome of neuropathic pain affecting the facial area. It is considered to be the most excruciating pain probably due to the fact that the facial region has a very dense distribution of sensory nerve endings per square centimeter. The pain is so severe that it affects significantly even [...]